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如何让基础写作文采飞扬
怎样才能在基础写作中避免语句 表达单一化,写出好的句子来呢?

一、短语优先。要适当地多使用一 些词组、*语来代替一些单词,以 增加文采,丰富语句的表现力。如:

1. I hope that you can help me pick my mother up at the airport. do me a favor I hope that you can ______________ to pick

my mother up at the airport.
= give me a hand

2. Today she is wearing a white blouse and
a pair of brown trousers. is dressed in Today she ________________ a white blouse and a pair of brown trousers. = is having on

1. Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable. Thanks to __________ the good weather, our journey was comfortable. = Owing to
2. Suddenly I thought out a good idea.

occurred to A good idea _____________me. = struck

注:英语*语、词组十分丰富, 大家在自己的基础写作中,能适 当地使用这些短语,无疑是提高 水*的十分行之有效的方法。

二、尽量避免过多地重复使用某一个单词, 必要时应选择使用其他恰当的同义词或词 组来代替。如:
1.I have not time to meet my mother at the airport so would you please replace me to pick her up ____________ ? 2. I like playing games while my brother likes watching others play. --- I like playing games while my brother enjoys _______ watching others play.

三、 多使用一些较丰富的句式可使基础写作行 文更加丰富多彩。
1. I have to give a lecture this afternoon by chance. It happens that I have to give a lecture this... = It chances that I have to give a lecture this… =Coincidently, I have to give a lecture this… 2. She is dressed in a white blouse and a pair of brown trousers today.

What she is dressed in today is a white blouse and a pair of brown trousers. (主语从句)

3. My mother will take a yellow suitcase with her today. -- The only luggage that my mother take with her today ______________________________ is a yellow suitcase.

1. The meal was very nice. We all enjoyed it very much.
(修正) The meal was so nice that we all enjoyed it very much. 2. I studied Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemistry and computer at school. (修正) The subjects I studied at school included Chinese, maths, English, physics…

3. We met each other in this city for the first time. It was in this city that _______________________ we met each other for the first time. (强调句型)

5. To our surprise, the little girl knows so many things.

What --_______surprises us is that the little girl knows so many things. 主语从句 +表语从句

6.She walked out of the lab and many students followed her.

(使用分词)
She walked out of the lab,followed by ________ many students . 7. While she was watching TV, she couldn’t keep back her tears.

watching TV While_______________, she couldn’t keep back her tears

6. He came in and there was a baby in his arms. (用with结构)

He came in ,with _______________. a baby in his arms 7. You can solve this problem only in this way. can you solve Only in this way _____________ this problem. (部分倒装)

四、通过合句,将意义相关的几个句子用一定的链接 方式连接起来,或通过紧缩,去掉一些多余的成分, 避免冗长累赘、松散无力,以增强句子的连贯性, 到达更好的表达效果。
如: My mother is about 60 years old. She is fat and short. She has a long face and gray hair.

1)My mother is around sixty, fat and short, with gray hair and a long face. 2) My mother who looks fat and short, is around sixty and has gray hair and a long face.
3) My mother is fat and short, who is about sixty years old with gray hair and a long face.

又如: We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced. Some told stories. Some played chess. -- After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing, telling jokes and playing chess.

五、五个句子的组合最好能使用 不同结构、不同长度的句子,尽 量使句型多样化,避免单调。

如:

Peter,

I’m very glad that my mother is coming this afternoon by air. But I will give a lecture today, so at 3pm, I hope you can help me meet my mother at the airport. My mother is around sixty years old. She was short and fat. She has a long face and gray hair. Besides, she is dressed in a white blouse and brown trousers and she will take a yellow suitcase.
I will be very thankful for you help.

Yours,
Li Lei

这篇文章在语法上并没有什么错误,但 由于通篇过多使用了简单句结构,使得表 达的内容显得单调乏味。 我们可通过转换 句式来避免句子结构的单一化。 同一个意 思,可使用不同的表达方法,这样既可突 出重点,又能丰富表达,增加文采。

Peter,

I’m very glad that my mother is coming this afternoon by air. But it happens that I have a lecture to give this afternoon,so I hope that you can do me a favor to meet my mother at 3:00 pm at the airport.
Since you have never seen my mother before, let me describe her to you to make it easier for you to recognize her. First of all, she is fat and short, who is about sixty years old with gray hair and a long face. Besides, she is wearing a white blouse and a pair of brown trousers, carrying a yellow suitcase with her. I’m sure you won’t miss her. I will be very thankful for your help.




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