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2017-2018学年牛津译林版八年级英语下册课件:Unit 5 Good manners Reading II (共23张PPT)_图文

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Unit 5 Good manners Reading (II)

The interview When in Rome mainly talks about _________________. manners in the UK greet How do British people _______each other?
How do British people ___________________ start a conversation ? How do British people _________________? behave in public

behave at home How do British people ________________? Jenny interviewee Daniel interviewer

Greetings

for the first time say “hello” or “nice to meet you”

shake your hand relatives or close friends
greet ... with a kiss The British greet strangers, their relatives and politely /properly/in a proper way friends ___________.

A conversation
Which topics are safe for small talk?

Which topics are best avoided for small talk?

how to start a conversation
talk about subjects
weather music holidays books age money avoid subjects

weight complaints

In public
say “sorry” if they bump into others
always queue

push in before others

in their way say “excuse me”, wait till you move

keep their voice down
shout or laugh loudly in public

touch or push past you

polite

The British think it is

rude

to _________.

At home

say “please” and “thank you” all the time
一直,总是 British behave politely at home as well.

Retell the interview in groups.

Greeting: say “hello” or “nice to meet you”
shake hands greet ... with a kiss talk about weather, holidays, music or books avoid age, weight or money In public: queue for something never push in before others say “sorry” if they bump into others in their way: push past ... keep their voice down ... At home: say “please” and “thank you” all the time

Language points
What's the proper way to greet people in the UK? proper properly

adj.
adv.

right, correct or most suitable in the right manner

Greeting

proper to say “hello” or “nice to meet you” 1. It is right and _______ and shake your hand when they meet you for the first time.

2. We should behave properly _______ the first time we meet .
shake sb's hand

shake hands with sb

握手

他走上前来同我握手。

He came up to me and shook my hand.

Language pionts
Do you greet people with a kiss?
British people only greet relatives or close friends with a kiss. greet sb with a kiss n. kiss sb as a greeting 1.我抱着她吻了她一下。 I put my arms around her and gave her a kiss. 2.这位男子走上前去轻吻安格拉·默克尔的手。 The men stepped forward to kiss Angela Merkel’s hand. 3.她倾身向前亲吻了他的面颊。 She leaned up and kissed him on the cheek.

vt.

Most Englishmen never hug or kiss other men. They leave that to football players and foreigners. Women may kiss on one or both cheeks. Men may also kiss women in greeting, but only on the cheek. 1. How do we Chinese greet people when we meet for the first time?

Further thinking

2. How do we greet relatives or close friends? Do we greet them with a kiss?

Language points
How do they start a conversation? They avoid subjects like age, weight or money. start a conversation 开始交谈 避免(做)某事

avoid (doing) sth

1. 海伦避免在过于抛头露面的地方工作 avoids working in places which are too public. Helen ______________ 2. 整个午饭期间,他一直在小心翼翼地回避房子的话题。 the subject of the house All through lunch he carefully avoided ___________________________. Why is the weather a great conversation starter in Great Britain?

Further thinking

Why is the weather such a popular topic of conversation in Great Britain?

British people will talk about the weather with friends, family or a stranger at the bus stop. The weather changes all the time in British conversation on morning, a sunny but day the Typical UK. It can be warm and sunny in the cold and windy in Turned the afternoon. Steve: out nice again. Another reason whyI people talk abouthave the weather is that it's a John: It's lovely. think we might a barbecue safe topic to talk about. The weather affects us all and it is all this weekend. around us. If we a are communicating with someone for the first Steve: That's great idea. time (breaking the ice), the is a topic bring up. John: Last time I had a weather barbecue it safe rained allto night. We couldTypical. talk about politics, but we might have different views Steve: and startI'll arguing. We fingers could talk about football, but we might John: keep my crossed for this weekend. support different teams and start fighting! British people generally don't like to offend or upset other people—so it's always better to choose a safe topic like weather to start a conversation.

Small talk isn't just about chatting about the weather. The real key to small talk is using it to get to a meaningful conversation. The real art of conversation is not only to say the right thing at the right place but to leave unsaid the wrong

thing at the tempting moment.
-Dorothy Nevill 真正的谈话艺术不仅指在合适的场合说合适的话, 而且也指在不适当的场合对不该说的话守口如瓶。
-多萝西· 内维尔

How politely do British people behave in public? If they bump into smeone in the street, they will say “sorry”. bump into sb/sth 撞上;偶然碰见 If you’re in their way, they won’t touch you or push past you. in the way 挡道 in one’s way 挡住某人的路 They'll say "excuse me" and be polite enough to wait till you move. 1.我不想见她, 偏撞上她了 bump into her I tried to avoid her, but it was just my luck to _____________. 2. 乔安娜听见他撞到了桌子上,又骂骂咧咧的。 Joanna heard him bump _________________ into the table and curse again. 3. You’re standing__________. in the way Would you mind moving a little?

Language points

In public

The Brits are patient enough to queue till it is their turn. They never push/cut in before others. 插队

Further thinking

What will we do if we bump into someone? If you are bumped into, what will you react (反应) ? If someone is in your way, what will you do?
British people even say “sorry” if you stand on their toes!

Language focus British people are very polite at home as well, aren't they?
as well 也,还有

At home

常位于句末,无须用逗号与句子分开。 它强调的是前一项,后一项只是顺便提及。 连接并列主语时,谓语动词与前一项一致。

as well as

1. He sent me a letter and some money __________. as well as well 2. I am going to London and my sister is going __________. 3. Lily __________ as well as her parents is very fond of classical music. as well 4. We shall travel by day and by night ___________. as well as in public . 5. British people behave politely at home __________ 6. British people are polite to family members as _________ well as strangers.

Etiquette expert William Hanson offers some advice on the do’s and don’ts in the UK.

Complete the article according to what we’ve learned.
Good manners in the UK In Britain you will find most people are kind to you if politely/properly you behave ________________, respecting local people and customs. Greeting can be a “hello” or “nice to meet you” the shake hands first time they meet you. They do ____________with each other, but as little as possible. They only greet kiss The subject of relatives or close friends with a _____. conversation starter in Great the weather is a great ____________ Britain. The worst mistake a visitor to Britain can make is talking about money ______. They don't want to tell people how much it cost, or how much they're about to spend. small However, in other countries, it’s considered _______ as well talk. Avoid talking about football _______, because you might support different teams.

British people think it is rude to _________ before push in queue Personal others. They always ______. _______ space is another area to be aware of. They make great efforts not to touch ________ strangers even by accident. If you are standing in their way they'll be patient/polite __________, ___________ enough to wait till you move. They usually keep their voice down _________. in public British people are very polite to strangers, friends as well as ________family members. They say “please” or “thank you” __________. all the time sorry The British love saying “_____”. They just can't say it enough even if it's not their fault and somebody _______, __________them. bumps into It is common to offer a tip (小费), but in the UK it is done quietly ______ and depends on the quality of the service ______. Afternoon tea is a very British past time. Remember last and not first. the milk should go in _____

Interview with Yang Lan about manners in China Ji Xiaojun: host for CCTV Culture Express Yang Lan: one of China’s most popular television
hostesses

Introduce manners in China to the audience outside China.

Ji : Hi I’m Ji Xiaojun. This is Culture Express. Today we’ve invited Yang Lan to talk about manners in China. What's the proper way to greet people in China? YL: ... Ji : What subjects can we choose to start a conversation? YL: ... Ji : When asked personal questions regarding family, age, job or money, don't be angry. YL: ... Ji : Ji : It’s been a real pleasure meeting you today. Thank you for your time. And that brings us to the end of this edition of Culture Express.

Homework
1. Learn the new words and phrases by heart. 2. Retell the interview.



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